Best Saranda Academy & Exhibition - Rohatgi Music & Art Gallery

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The Saranda is a traditional stringed instrument that originates from the folk music traditions of Eastern India, particularly the region of Bihar and Jharkhand. It's a bowed instrument that shares similarities with the Sarangi but has its distinct characteristics and playing style.

Constructed using wood, the Saranda features a hollow, resonating body and a neck with metal frets. It typically has three or four main playing strings, along with several sympathetic strings that run beneath the main strings. These sympathetic strings vibrate sympathetically, enriching the instrument's sound and resonance.

The Saranda is played with a bow, similar to how the Sarangi is played. Musicians use the bow to create melodies and intricate phrases, employing techniques like sliding between notes, gliding, and ornamentation to evoke emotions and explore different tonal expressions.

Traditionally, the Saranda has been used in folk music, particularly in the tribal and rural areas of Bihar and Jharkhand. It's often associated with storytelling, conveying narratives, and capturing the essence of local traditions and cultural tales through its music.

In recent years, efforts have been made to revive and preserve the Saranda as part of India's rich musical heritage. It's gaining recognition beyond its traditional folk context, with musicians exploring its versatility in contemporary compositions and fusion music. 

Learning to play the Saranda involves understanding its unique techniques and the nuances of Eastern Indian folk music. While it may not be as widely known as some other classical Indian instruments, the Saranda's distinctive sound and cultural significance make it an important part of the musical tapestry of Eastern India.