Best Taus (Mayuriveena) Academy & Exhibition - Rohatgi Music & Art Gallery

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Taus (Mayuriveena)

Overview

The Taus is a unique and rare stringed instrument with roots in Sikh and Indian classical music traditions. It's an integral part of Sikh religious music and holds significant cultural and spiritual importance in Sikhism. 

The Taus resembles a peacock in shape, which is why it's also referred to as the "peacock" due to its distinctive design. Its body is carved from wood, often intricately crafted to resemble the peacock's body, with a hollowed-out resonating chamber. The neck of the Taus extends from the body, featuring strings and frets. 

One of the most striking features of the Taus is its wide range of strings, typically numbering around 20 or more. The strings are played with a bow, similar to the way a violin is played, allowing for a melodic range and tonal variations.

Traditionally, the Tauswas played in Sikh temples, particularly during religious ceremonies and devotional singing known as Kirtan. It's believed that Guru Hargobind Sahib, the sixth Sikh Guru, designed and introduced the Taus to represent the divine connection between music and spirituality. 

Over time, the Taus became relatively rare, and its playing technique was merged with that of another Sikh stringed instrument called the Dilruba. The Dilruba shares similarities with the Taus but has a smaller body and fewer strings.

While the Taus might not be as widely recognized or played today, its historical significance and its association with Sikh musical traditions make it a symbol of cultural heritage and spiritual reverence within the Sikh community. Its unique design and role in religious music have contributed to its legacy as a cherished instrument in Sikh cultural practices.